Hemp is a superfood and a wholefood with numerous nutritional benefits.
The seeds contain about 34% oil, with the best nutrient balance of any oil, plus antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and fibre.
The oil is deep olive green, thick and has a delicious, rich nutty taste.
The 9 "essential" amino acids cannot be synthesised by the body; they must be provided by the diet. The other amino acids may be synthesised by the body if there is a full balanced diet.
Amino acids are essential for immune system function, fighting risk of infection and gut mucosal function, which affects absorption and vulnerability to systemic disease, and kidney function*
Hemp has the highest percentage of complete, high quality, easy to absorb protein of any plant, nut or seed (except spirulina)
The seed contains 35-47% protein made up of 66% Edestin a type of plant protein similar to protein found in the human body. It augments cellular function and DNA repair.
The other 33% of hemp’s protein is Albumin, another high quality protein also found in egg whites.
Since much of hemp’s protein structure resembles that found in human blood, hemp protein is very easily digested and utilized.
Hemp contains 80% polyunsaturated fat, one of the highest of any plant and provide a balanced 3:1 ratio of omega-6 (linoleic acid) to omega-3 (alpha-linolenic acid) fatty acids Other primary fatty acids present include gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and stearidonic acid (SDA) as well as palmitic, steric, and oleic acids.
Known to be helpful for lowering the "bad" cholesterol and reducing inflammation in the body, Omega-3 means hemp is considered a heart healthy fat source that can help to reduce inflammation, blood cholesterol levels and high blood pressure associated with cardiovascular disease.
J. Agric. Food Chem.,
2010, 58 (22)
The table above shows levels found in 100g of hemp. Not only does hemp contain all the amino acids, but this dose gives 100% of RDA.
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PAPERS
The scientists at project cbd are doing a fantastic job of compiling the research around the many benefits of CBD.
For example, a good summary of the nutritional benefits can be found in this paper :
Hemp Seed as a Nutritional Resource: An Overview
Euphytica, January 2004, Volume 140, No. 1-2, Pages 65-72(8).
Dr. J.C. Callaway, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Kuopio, Finland
The seed of Cannabis sativa L. has been an important source of nutrition for thousands of years in Old World cultures. Non-drug varieties of Cannabis, commonly referred to as hemp, have not been studied extensively for their nutritional potential in recent years, nor has hemp seed been utilized to any great extent by the industrial processes and food markets that have developed during the 20th century. Technically a nut, hemp seed typically contains over 30% oil and about 25% protein, with considerable amounts of dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. Hemp seed oil is over 80% in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), and is an exceptionally rich source of the two essential fatty acids (EFAs) linoleic acid (18:2 omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3 omega-3). The omega-6 to omega-3 ratio (n6/n3) in hemp seed oil is normally between 2:1 and 3:1, which is considered to be optimal for human health. In addition, the biological metabolites of the two EFAs, gamma-linolenic acid (18:3 omega-6; 'GLA') and stearidonic acid (18:4 omega-3; 'SDA'), are also present in hemp seed oil. The two main proteins in hemp seed are edestin and albumin. Both of these high-quality storage proteins are easily digested and contain nutritionally significant amounts of all essential amino acids. In addition, hemp seed has exceptionally high levels of the amino acid arginine. Hemp seed has been used to treat various disorders for thousands of years in traditional oriental medicine. Recent clinical trials have identified hemp seed oil as a functional food, and animal feeding studies demonstrate the long-standing utility of hemp seed as an important food resource.